Objective:The purpose of this study was to explore factors influencing age of menopause among Korean women.Methods:For this secondary analysis study, panel data for Waves 4 through 6 of the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women were used. Women aged 40 to 60 who were menstruating at Wave 4 were included in the analysis (N = 5,437). Sociodemographic, health status, and health behavioral factors were examined to explore their influence on menopause using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis.Results:Korean women who perceived themselves to be overweight or obese, who had depressive symptoms, or who smoked or were current smokers had higher probabilities of experiencing the onset of menopause, whereas those who had educational achievement lower than high school had a lower probability of experiencing the onset menopause.Conclusions:Various factors influenced menopause, including sociodemographic, health status, and health behaviors. Specific tailored interventions for the management of depressive symptoms and smoking cessation could be developed to target modifying variables for Korean women, in preparation for menopause. Also, the role of perceived body weight on menopause could be further explored to identify sociocultural factors for age at menopause.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Received June 7, 2018; revised and accepted September 24, 2018. From the1Korean Women’s Development Institute, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, South Korea; 2College of Nursing & Ewha Research Institute of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, South Korea; and 3College of Nursing & Ewha Research Institute of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, South Korea. Funding/support: This research was supported by the Korean Women’s Development Institute & the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) (No. 2013R1A1A1008686). Financial disclosure/conflicts of interest: None reported. Address correspondence to: Chiyoung Cha, PhD, RN, #202 Helen Hall, 52 Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, South Korea. E-mail: email@example.com
This research was supported by the Korean Womens Development Institute the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, ICT Future Planning) (No. 2013R1A1A1008686).
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- Perceived weight