Factors influencing oral health-related quality of life in older adults in rural areas: Oral dryness and oral health knowledge and behavior

Eunju Choi, Dukyoo Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The oral health of older adults is an important factor affecting their overall health and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of oral health of older adults living at home in rural areas and investigate factors affecting oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), especially oral dryness and oral health knowledge and behavior. A descriptive correlational study was conducted. In total, 117 participants were included in the final analysis. Data were collected using questionnaires for oral dryness, oral health knowledge and behavior, and OHRQoL. In addition, oral dryness was measured by mechanical measurements. Oral health knowledge was positively correlated with oral health behavior (r = 0.18, p = 0.029) and OHRQoL (r = 0.25, p = 0.003). In addition, a positive correlation between oral health behavior and OHRQoL (r = 0.24, p = 0.005) was observed. Multiple regression analysis revealed that subjective oral dryness (β= −4.99, p = 0.001) had a significant effect on OHRQoL. To improve OHRQoL in the rural elderly, health providers should pay attention to oral dryness and comprehensively evaluate it. The development of prevention programs and continuous education that can improve oral health knowledge and behavior is also required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4295
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Behavior
  • Knowledge
  • Quality of life
  • Xerostomia

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