Factors associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing an ambulatory hand surgery

Young H.ak Roh, Hyun S.ik Gong, Jeong H.wan Kim, Kyung P.yo Nam, Young H.o. Lee, Goo H.yun Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing ambulatory surgery under general anesthesia experience considerable levels of postoperative nausea and vomiting (N/V) after their discharge. However, those complications have not been thoroughly investigated in hand surgery patients yet. We investigated factors associated with postoperative N/V in patients undergoing an ambulatory hand surgery under general anesthesia and determined whether patients' satisfaction with this setting is associated with postoperative N/V levels.

METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 200 consecutive patients who underwent ambulatory hand surgeries under general anesthesia to assess their postoperative N/V visual analogue scale (VAS) levels during the first 24 hours after surgery and their satisfaction with an ambulatory surgery setting. Potential predictors of postoperative N/V were; age, sex, body mass index, smoking behavior, a history of postoperative N/V after previous anesthesia or motion sickness, preoperative anxiety level and the duration time of anesthesia. We conducted multivariate analyses to identify factors associated with postoperative N/V levels. We also conducted multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine whether the N/V levels are associated with the patients' satisfaction with this setting. Here, potential predictors for satisfaction were sex, age, postoperative pain and N/V.

RESULTS: Postoperative N/V were associated with a non-smoking history, a history of motion sickness and a high level of preoperative anxiety. Twenty-two patients (11%) were dissatisfied with the ambulatory setting and this dissatisfaction was independently associated with moderate (VAS 4-7) and high (VAS 8-10) levels of postoperative N/V and with a high level (VAS 8-10) of postoperative pain.

CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the patients were satisfied with the ambulatory surgery setting, moderate to high levels of N/V were associated with dissatisfaction of patients with this setting, suggesting a need for better identifying and managing those patients at risk. The information regarding risk factors for N/V could help in preoperative patient consultation regarding an ambulatory hand surgery under general anesthesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalClinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, by The Korean Orthopaedic Association. All rights reserved.


  • Ambulatory hand surgery
  • Nausea
  • Satisfaction
  • Vomiting


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