Factors associated with failure of cardiopulmonary function recovery after lung cancer surgery

Sunga Kong, Sumin Shin, Yeong Jeong Jeon, Genehee Lee, Jong Ho Cho, Hong Kwan Kim, Young Mog Shim, Juhee Cho, Danbee Kang, Hye Yun Park

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1 Scopus citations


Background and Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the longitudinal changes in cardiopulmonary function (CPF) and identify predictors of cardiopulmonary recovery failure after lung cancer surgery. Methods: Data was obtained from a prospective CATCH-LUNG cohort study, where patients were divided into two groups based on 6-min walk distance (6MWD) at baseline and 6 months after surgery. CPF recovery failure was defined as a participant whose 6MWD dropped over 50 m from baseline to 6 months after surgery. Patients with a baseline 6MWD less than 400 m were excluded. The analysis was investigated using mixed effects models, and the relative estimates for the predictors were expressed relative risk (RR) and 95% CI using a Poisson regression. Results: Among 419 patients, 24.1% and 17.7% showed failure of CPF recovery at 6 months and 1 year after surgery, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, baseline step count [RR per 1000 steps lower = 1.05 (95% CI, 1.01–1.09)], baseline dyspnoea [RR per 10 points higher = 1.15(1.07–1.23)], decreased FEV1% predicted from baseline to 2 weeks after surgery [RR per 10% lower = 1.30(1.10–1.53)] and decreased moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) from baseline to 2 weeks [RR = 1.95(1.22, 3.11)] or persistent low MVPA at baseline and 2 weeks after surgery [RR = 1.63(1.04, 2.54)] were significant factors for loss of CPF. Conclusion: The inability to recover CPF at 6 months after surgery was linked to reduction of lung function and MVPA from baseline to 2 weeks as well as baseline physical activity (PA) and dyspnoea. These results imply that engagement of perioperative PA is necessary to facilitate recovery of CPF after lung cancer surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1068
Number of pages9
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.


  • cardiopulmonary function
  • lung cancer
  • patients reported outcomes
  • physical activity
  • pulmonary function
  • surgery


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