Factors affecting the self-directed learning of students at clinical practice course for advanced practice nurse

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24 Scopus citations


Purpose: The current study aimed to examine the casual relationships among belongingness during clinical practice, stress, satisfaction with clinical practice, and self-esteem, which are factors affecting the self-directed learning that results from the clinical practice of advanced practice nurse (APN) students. Methods: Data were collected between April 5 and May 19, 2010, from 202 students in 11 APN training institutions located in and outside of Seoul, who were selected using convenience sampling. For hypothesis testing, the collected data were analyzed using AMOS 8.0. Results: Analysis of the path coefficients in this study showed that 37% of the variation in self-directed learning could be explained by variations in the model. Self-esteem and belongingness during clinical practice directly affected the self-directed learning of APN students, and belongingness also had an indirect effect via self-esteem. However, stress and satisfaction with clinical practice had no significant mediating effect on self-directed learning. At the same time, belongingness during clinical practice was found to be a good predictive factor to explain stress and satisfaction with clinical practice. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the hierarchical relationship among belongingness, self-esteem, and self-directed learning based on the conceptual framework developed by Levett-Jones and Lathlean, thus proving the usefulness of this framework for application in the field. Therefore, this study found that there are needs of high self-esteem and belongingness in order to improve self-directed learning for APN students in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalAsian Nursing Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • belongingness
  • learning
  • nurse
  • nursing education
  • self-esteem


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