Factors affecting secondary traumatic stress of nurses caring for COVID-19 patients in South Korea

Mee Sun Lee, Sujin Shin, Eunmin Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The secondary traumatic stress (STS) of nurses caring for COVID-19 patients is expected to be high, and it can adversely affect patient care. The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of STS of nurses caring for COVID-19 patients, and we identified various factors that influence STS. This study followed a descriptive design. The data of 136 nurses who had provided direct care to COVID-19 patients from 5 September to 26 September 2020 were collected online. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to identify the factors influencing STS. Participants experienced moderate levels of STS. The regression model of Model 1 was statistically significant (F = 6.21, p < 0.001), and the significant factors influencing STS were the duration of care for patients with COVID-19 for more than 30 days (β = 0.28, p < 0.001) and working in an undesignated COVID-19 hospital (β = 0.21, p = 0.038). In Model 2, the factor influencing STS was the support of a friend in the category of social support (β = −0.21, p = 0.039). The nurses caring for COVID-19 patients are experiencing a persistent and moderate level of STS. This study can be used as basic data to treat and prevent STS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6843
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Compassion fatigue
  • Nurses
  • Secondary traumatic stress

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