Factor configurations with governance as conditions for low HIV/AIDS prevalence in HIV/AIDS recipient countries: Fuzzy-set analysis

Hwa Young Lee, Bong Min Yang, Minah Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate whether good governance of a recipient country is a necessary condition and what combinations of factors including governance factor are sufficient for low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in HIV/AIDS aid recipient countries during the period of 2002-2010. For this, Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) was used. Nine potential attributes for a causal configuration for low HIV/AIDS prevalence were identified through a review of previous studies. For each factor, full membership, full non-membership, and crossover point were specified using both author's knowledge and statistical information of the variables. Calibration and conversion to a fuzzy-set score were conducted using Fs/QCA 2.0 and probabilistic tests for necessary and sufficiency were performed by STATA 11. The result suggested that governance is the necessary condition for low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in a recipient country. From sufficiency test, two pathways were resulted. The low level of governance can lead to low level of HIV/AIDS prevalence when it is combined with other favorable factors, especially, low economic inequality, high economic development and high health expenditure. However, strengthening governance is a more practical measure to keep low prevalence of HIV/AIDS because it is hard to achieve both economic development and economic quality. This study highlights that a comprehensive policy measure is the key for achieving low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in recipient country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S167-S177
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume30
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Corruption
  • Democratic accountability
  • Effectiveness of official development assistance
  • Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis
  • HIV/AIDS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Factor configurations with governance as conditions for low HIV/AIDS prevalence in HIV/AIDS recipient countries: Fuzzy-set analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this