Fabry's disease is a rare, X-linked disorder of the glycosphingolipid metabolism, in which a partial or total deficiency of a lysosomal alpha(α)-galactosidase results in the progressive accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids with terminal alpha galactose moieties (i.e., cerebroside di- and trihexoside) in most body fluids and tissues. Accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids occurs within the lysosomes of endothelial, perithelial, and smooth muscle cells of the myocardial and renal systems; to a lesser extent in reticuloendothelial and connective cells of the cornea; and in ganglion and perineural cells of the autonomic nervous system. In Korea, 7 cases of Fabry's disease have been reported. A 29-year-old man with fever and headache had typical skin findings and a family history of Fabry's disease, and it was confirmed through renal biopsy and enzyme assay for α-galactosidase. We report a case of Fabry's disease with a review of the literatures reported in Korea.
- Fabry's disease