Both extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) have been implicated in mediating the signaling events that precede apoptosis. We studied the activation of these kinases during apoptosis of WEHI 231 B cells. Surface IgM ligation induces apoptosis of WEHI 231 cells. This effect is augmented by simultaneous engagement of CD95 and is inhibited by costimulation with either CD40 or IL-4R. We determined that surface IgM ligation activates ERK2 to a much greater level than JNK, and that IgM-mediated ERK2 activation is enhanced by costimulation with anti- CD95. Costimulation with either IL-4 or anti-CD40 interferes with anti-IgM- stimulated ERK2 activation. Transient expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) inhibits both ERK2 activation and cell death following stimulation with anti-IgM and the combination of anti-IgM plus anti-CD95. CD40 engagement alone activates JNK, but IL-4 stimulation does not. N-acetyl-L-cysteine pretreatment, which blocks CD40-mediated JNK activation, does not affect the ability of CD40 to inhibit anti-IgM-mediated ERK2 activation and apoptosis. Together, these data suggest that JNK activation is not required for CD40 inhibition of surface IgM-induced cell death and that ERK2 plays an active role in mediating anti-IgM-induced apoptosis of WEHI 231 B cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 15 Aug 1998|