External validation of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models of microemulsion and long-chain triglyceride emulsion propofol in beagle dogs

S. H. Lee, H. W. Park, M. J. Kim, M. H. Noh, H. S. Yoon, B. M. Choi, E. K. Lee, G. J. Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed at assessing the predictive performance of a target-controlled infusion (TCI) system, which incorporates canine PK-PD models for microemulsion and long-chain triglyceride emulsion (LCT) propofol and at investigating time independency of propofol effect on the observed electroencephalographic approximate entropy (ApEn) in TCI. Using a crossover design with a 7-day washout period, 28 healthy beagle dogs were randomized to receive TCI of both formulations in a stepwise or constant manner. Plasma propofol concentrations and ApEn were measured at preset intervals. Pooled biases, inaccuracies, divergences, and wobbles in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic predictions were 2.1% (95% CI: -0.8 to 4.9), 18.1% (15.6-20.5), 1.9%/h, 7.3% (5.4-9.3), and -0.5% (-2.6 to 1.6), 8.7% (7.3-10.1), 2.5%/h, 6.0% (4.1-7.2) for microemulsion propofol, and -9.3% (-11.6 to -6.9), 20.1% (18.2-22.0), 5.1%/h, 7.6% (6.1-9.1) and 5.6% (4.1-7.1), 8.0% (6.9-9.3), 4.7%/h, 4.1% (3.1-5.1) for LCT propofol. Observed ApEn values over time were statistically not different across all time points in a TCI with constant manner. Canine PK-PD model of microemulsion propofol showed good predictive performances. Propofol effect (ApEn) was time independent as long as time is allowed for equilibration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-341
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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