Exploring the Association between Suicidality and Smoking Behavior among School-Based Children in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR)

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Abstract

This study examines the relationship between suicidality and smoking behavior. Specifically, it examines how and the degree to which suicide ideation and plan are associated with the probability of being a regular smoker among school-based children. Data come from Lao Student Health Survey (2017), a project funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea. Using primary hierarchically nested data (students clustered in classrooms across schools), we investigate the complex interplay between suicidality and smoking behavior in Lao PDR, a low-income country located in Southeast Asia. Results from fitting two-level random intercept models show that net of controls (e.g., gender, age, parental regulation, self-rated health, household SES), the likelihood of daily smoking is higher among students who have seriously considered committing suicide or have planned a suicide attempt. Controlling for individual-level factors, significant classroom-level contextual effects are also found with respect to peer relations. Finally, we observe a cross-level interaction: the positive association between suicide intent and odds of smoking is weaker in classrooms with better peer relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Laos
  • peer relations
  • Smoking behavior
  • suicide intent
  • suicide plan

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