Experimental studies of fusion and fragmentation of fullerenes

Frank Rohmund, Alexei V. Glotov, Klavs Hansen, Eleanor E.B. Campbell

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Energy dependences of the fusion cross section for the collisions C+60+C60, C+60+C70 and C+70 + C70 have been measured. Fusion occurs for energies above a sharp energetic barrier VB. The fusion barrier lies in the region between 60 and 80 eV and increases with increasing number of atoms participating in the collision. For energies beyond the barrier the fusion reaction cross section increases with collision energy to a maximum value and then decreases very rapidly. The highly excited fusion compound decays on the experimental timescale, and the resulting fragmentation pattern has been studied as a function of collision energy. For energies up to 200 eV the fragmentation behaviour can be modelled in terms of successive evaporation of C2 units from the hot fusion product. At higher energies this model breaks down and another fragmentation mechanism has to be invoked. The overall results are in very good agreement with quantum molecular dynamics simulations and the predictions of simple phenomenological fusion models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5143-5161
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number21
StatePublished - 14 Nov 1996


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