Experimental Investigation on Flexural Behavior of U-Shaped Steel-Concrete Composite Beams with Bolt Connections under a Negative Bending Moment

Chul Goo Kim, Hyoung Seop Kim, Sang Hyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Because U-shaped steel beams filled with concrete have the advantages of reduced construction period and superior structural performance, they have been widely used as structural elements. In this study, the flexural behavior of newly developed bolt-connected U-shaped steel and concrete composite beams under a negative bending moment was experimentally evaluated. The main test variables were bolt spacing in bottom steel plates and types of U-shaped steel sections. Test results showed that the flexural behavior of the composite beams is determined by the plate-buckling mode of bolt-connected bottom steel plates. Composite beams with a greater bolt spacing than that in the standard AISI S100-16 experienced early plate buckling of the bottom steel plates, resulting in reduction of flexural stiffness and maximum flexural strength. Thus, the buckling mode of bolt-connected bottom plates should be considered for bolt-connected U-shaped composite beams under a negative bending moment. The longitudinal lips of U-shaped steel sections can increase the flexural performance of composite beams due to anchorage performance of the steel sections with lips.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04023091
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Volume149
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by CGS Plan Co., National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean Government Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1A6A1A07025819), and Ewha Womans University Research Grant of 2022.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Keywords

  • Bolt connection
  • Composite beam
  • Filled concrete
  • Flexural behavior
  • U-shaped steel section

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental Investigation on Flexural Behavior of U-Shaped Steel-Concrete Composite Beams with Bolt Connections under a Negative Bending Moment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this