Experience of the waiting area as perceived by haemodialysis patients and family carers

Yoonsoo Kim, Miyoung Kim, Pratibha Bhandari, Sujin Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Aim: To identify the meaning of the waiting area based on the experiences of haemodialysis patients and their carers and to develop an optimal social environment for meaningful nursing care. Background: Haemodialysis patients require treatment three times a week and they and their carers spend much of their time in waiting areas, where they experience a unique culture. Limited qualitative research has focused on the culture of the waiting area among haemodialysis patients in South Korea. Design: A qualitative study using an ethnographic approach. Methods: Eighteen participants were recruited in a hospital waiting area. The data were collected via participant observations and interviews from 24 November 2015–21 April 2016. Spradley's research sequence was employed to analyse the data. Results: Three themes were identified that describe the unique characteristics of the waiting area: sharing information and consoling, inhabiting a separate area of ease and discomfort and experiencing vigilance and unsure stillness. The overarching theme was a boundary space that presented antithetical and dynamic patterns. Conclusions: This study contributes to a better understanding of the distinct culture experienced by haemodialysis patients in the waiting area and the findings can help nurses deliver more meaningful care. Nursing interventions germane to psychological and emotional support and applicable nursing education should be seriously considered for haemodialysis waiting rooms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-372
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • culture
  • ethnography
  • nursing
  • qualitative research
  • waiting area


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