Exosomes Derived from Colon Cancer Cells Promote Tumor Progression and Affect the Tumor Microenvironment

Minsung Kim, Il Tae Son, Gyoung Tae Noh, So Youn Woo, Ryung Ah Lee, Bo Young Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer-cell-derived exosomes confer oncogenic properties in their tumor microenvironment and to other cells; however, the exact mechanism underlying this process is unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of cancer-cell-derived exosomes in colon cancer. Exosomes were isolated from colon cancer cell lines, HT-29, SW480, and LoVo, using an ExoQuick-TC kit, identified using Western blotting for exosome markers, and characterized using transmission electron microscopy and nanosight tracking analysis. The isolated exosomes were used to treat HT-29 to evaluate their effect on cancer progression, specifically cell viability and migration. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) were obtained from patients with colorectal cancer to analyze the effect of the exosomes on the tumor microenvironment. RNA sequencing was performed to evaluate the effect of the exosomes on the mRNA component of CAFs. The results showed that exosome treatment significantly increased cancer cell proliferation, upregulated N-cadherin, and downregulated E-cadherin. Exosome-treated cells exhibited higher motility than control cells. Compared with control CAFs, exosome-treated CAFs showed more downregulated genes. The exosomes also altered the regulation of different genes involved in CAFs. In conclusion, colon cancer-cell-derived exosomes affect cancer cell proliferation and the epithelial–mesenchymal transition. They promote tumor progression and metastasis and affect the tumor microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3905
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • exosomes
  • mRNA
  • microRNA
  • tumor microenvironment
  • tumor progression

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