Existence of nanoparticles in azurite and malachite pigments – Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction studies

Kiok Han, Ji Yeon Nam, Jeong Eun Ji, Dai Ill Kang, Hanhyoung Lee, Nayeon Baek, Youna Song, In Sang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lightness of the color of mineral pigments changes with its particle size. We investigated the Raman spectra of azurite pigments of several particle-size groups, ranging from ∼5 to ∼110 μm. The line-widths of the phonon modes ∼400 cm−1 of azurite powders were found to increase as the particle sizes get smaller. Similar phenomena were also observed for the malachite pigments. The broadening of phonon modes implies the existence of nanoparticles in the pigment powder. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) measurements confirm the existence of more nanoparticles in the finer particle-size groups. These results were assured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements as well. Even further, we could determine the average size of azurite particles simply by comparing the line-width of the Raman mode ∼400 cm−1 of the unknown with that of the known particle-size groups. Non-destructive estimation of typical sizes of mineral pigments using Raman spectroscopy could be useful in cultural-heritage conservation science.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Mineral pigment
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nondestructive measurements
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • X-ray diffraction

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