EW-7195, a novel inhibitor of ALK5 kinase inhibits EMT and breast cancer metastasis to lung

Chul Yong Park, Jee Yeon Son, Cheng Hua Jin, Jeong Suk Nam, Dae Kee Kim, Yhun Yhong Sheen

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37 Scopus citations


Recently, researchers are actively pursuing efforts to develop potent and selective ALK5 (TβRI) kinase inhibitors for clinical development. In this study, the authors examined a novel small molecule inhibitor of ALK5, 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl) -1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile (EW-7195) to determine if it has potential for cancer treatment. The inhibitory effects of EW-7195 on TGF-β-induced Smad signaling and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were investigated in mammary epithelial cells using luciferase reporter assays, immunoblotting, confocal microscopy and wound healing assays. In addition, the suppressive effects of EW-7195 on mammary cancer metastasis to lung were examined using a Balb/c xenograft and MMTV/cNeu transgenic mice model system. The novel ALK5 inhibitor, EW-7195, inhibited the TGF-β 1- stimulated transcriptional activations of p3TP-Lux and pCAGA 12-Luc. In addition, EW-7195 decreased phosphorylated Smad2 levels and the nuclear translocation of Smad2 increased by TGF-β 1. In addition, EW-7195 inhibited TGF-β 1-induced EMT and wound healing of NMuMG cells. Furthermore, in xenografted Balb/c and MMTV/cNeu mice, EW-7195 inhibited metastasis to lung from breast tumours. The novel ALK5 inhibitor, EW-7195, efficiently inhibited TGF-β 1-induced Smad signaling, EMT and breast tumour metastasis to the lung in vivo, demonstrating that EW-7195 has therapeutic potential for the breast cancer metastasis to the lung.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2642-2653
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Issue number17
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 20090093972 ).


  • ALK5 inhibitor
  • Breast cancer
  • Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
  • Metastasis
  • TGF-β


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