Evaluation of the trueness and tissue surface adaptation of CAD-CAM mandibular denture bases manufactured using digital light processing

Hyung In Yoon, Hyun Ji Hwang, Chikahiro Ohkubo, Jung Suk Han, Eun Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Statement of problem: Studies assessing the trueness and tissue surface adaptation of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) mandibular complete denture bases fabricated using digital light processing (DLP) are lacking. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the trueness of DLP–generated denture bases and to compare the tissue surface adaptation of DLP with milling and pack and press. Material and methods: The mandibular denture bases were virtually designed on a reference cast and were fabricated using DLP. Their intaglio surfaces were scanned and superimposed on the reference CAD denture base to evaluate the trueness. The reference cast was duplicated to create 10 identical master casts that were scanned to design 10 virtual denture bases. Twenty denture bases were fabricated with DLP and milling (10 specimens per technique). In addition, 10 denture bases were fabricated with the pack and press technique. The intaglio surfaces of the denture bases were scanned and superimposed on the corresponding master casts to compare tissue surface adaptation among the 3 techniques. The Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance (α=.05) were used for statistical analyses. Results: For trueness, the milled denture base was better than the DLP denture base (P<.001). However, no statistically significant difference was detected with respect to tissue surface adaptation of the denture base, regardless of the fabrication technique (P>.05). The DLP denture base showed comparable tissue surface adaptation with the milled base, one with a small interquartile range. Conclusions: The intaglio surfaces of DLP and milled denture bases corresponded within a 100-μm accuracy compared with the master cast. Although the DLP denture base exhibited tissue compression on the ridge crest, it showed comparable tissue adaptation to the milled denture base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-926
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the Research Resettlement Fund for the new faculty of Seoul National University (860-20170018) and also under the framework of the International Cooperation Program managed by the National Research Foundation of Korea (2-2016-0398-001-1).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry


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