Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Atmospheric Particulates Reduction Policy: The Case of South Korea

Hyuk Han, Hyunsub Kum, Yong Pyo Kim, Chang Hoon Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In a situation where various policy measures can be used to reduce atmospheric particulates, effectiveness and efficiency may vary depending on how the policy is designed. Therefore, this study evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of atmospheric particulates reduction policy in order to contribute to effective and efficient policy design. To this end, this study demonstrated the effectiveness of 1st Basic Plan on Metropolitan Area Air Quality Improvement and explored the cause of the effectiveness. As a result of the study, this study did not confirm that the effect of reducing PM10 caused by the plan in the metropolitan area was significantly different from that of the non-metropolitan area where the policy was not implemented. In particular, distinct effect was not confirmed on the installation of DPF, which required a large number of costs. Based on the results, more effective and efficient policy measures will be used based on the causal relationship of atmospheric particulates generation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2021130
JournalAsian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT(2019M1A2A2103953).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. by Asian Association for Atmospheric Environment This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Atmospheric particulates
  • Pm
  • Policy evaluation
  • Policy measure
  • Road mobile emission


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