Rhizoremediation, CH4 emission, and bacterial community dynamics were evaluated in diesel-contaminated soil cultivated with tall fescue via a pot experiment. At the beginning of the experiment, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) removal efficiency was 30.2% in tall fescue-cultivated soil, which was significantly higher than that of unplanted soil (19.4%). However, when compost was added as a soil amendment, TPHs removal efficiency increased to 39.2% in tall fescue-cultivated soil. Interestingly, potential CH4 emissions were more affected by the initial diesel concentration than by compost addition or tall fescue planting. Specifically, the potential CH4 emission was approximately 3.8 times higher in the treatment with the highest initial diesel concentration (T-WC38) than that of the treatment with the lowest initial diesel concentration (T-WC5). Functional gene analysis revealed that TPHs removal had a linear correlation with the alkB/16S gene ratio, whereas potential CH4 emission had a linear correlation with pmoA gene copy numbers. Initial diesel concentrations in soil also affected bacterial community structures and the genera Rhizobium, Halothiobacillus, and Geobacter were found to be positively linked to diesel-contaminated soil rhizoremediation. Therefore, this study provides useful insights into the development of strategies to enhance rhizoremediation efficiency and CH4 emission mitigation in diesel-contaminated soils.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government, the Ministry of Science and ICT ( MSIT ) ( 2019R1A2C2006701 ).
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- Diesel-contaminated soil
- Soil amendment
- Tall fescue