Evaluating a shared decision-making intervention regarding dialysis modality: development and validation of self-assessment items for patients with chronic kidney disease

Soojin Kim, Jung Tak Park, Sung Joon Shin, Jae Hyun Chang, Kyung Don Yoo, Jung Pyo Lee, Dong Ryeol Ryu, Soontae An, Sejoong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Shared decision-making is a two-way symmetrical communication process in which clinicians and patients work together to achieve the best outcome. This study aimed to develop self-assessment items as a decision aid for choosing a dialysis modality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to assess the construct validity of the newly developed items. Methods: Five focus group interviews were performed to extract specific self-assessment items regarding patient values in choosing a dialysis modality. After survey items were refined, a survey of 330 patients, consisting of 152 hemodialysis (HD) and 178 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, was performed to validate the self-assessment items. Results: The self-assessment for the decision aid was refined to 35 items. The structure of the final items appeared to have three dimensions of factors; health, lifestyle, and dialysis environment. The health factor consisted of 12 subscales (α = 0.724), the lifestyle factor contained 11 subscales (α = 0.624), and the dialysis environment factor was represented by 12 subscales (α = 0.694). A structural equation model analysis showed that the relationship between the decision aid factors (health, lifestyle, and dialysis environment), patients’ CKD perception, and cognition of shared decision-making differed between HD patients and PD patients. Conclusion: We developed and validated self-assessment items as part of a decision aid to help patients with CKD. This attempt may assist CKD patients in making informed and shared decisions closely aligned with their values when considering dialysis modality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-187
Number of pages13
JournalKidney Research and Clinical Practice
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Decision support techniques
  • Perception
  • Self-assessment
  • Shared decision-making

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating a shared decision-making intervention regarding dialysis modality: development and validation of self-assessment items for patients with chronic kidney disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this