Eudainomìc and hedonìc orientations in Physical Education and their relation with motivation and wellness

Behzad Behzadnia, Richard M. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Two main ways in which people seek fulfillment are through hedonia (seeking pleasure, comfort) and eudaimonia (seeking growth, excellence, virtue). Past research on hedonic and eudaimonic orientations has largely focused on these constructs as traits, rather than their pursuit within spedfic life contexts, and much of the research has been in North American contexts. In this research, we translated the HEMA, a measure of these orientations (Huta & Ryan, 2010), into Persian, inquiring about hedonic and eudaimonic orientations in the physical education (PE) domain and their links with both well-being and motivation within an Iranian sample. EFA and CFA of the Persian Physical Education HEMA indicated three factors: eudaimonic, hedonic pleasure, and hedonic comfort orientations. In the PE context we found that eudaimonia related to more life satisfaction, meaning and vitality, whereas hedonia (both subscales) related to carefreeness and elevation, hut also to higher negative affect. Eudaimonic orientation for PE was linked with intrinsic and identified motivation but also with introjection; both hedonia subscales were linked with external regulation. Findings suggest that a eudaimonic orientation may better fit with PE as offered, rather than a hedonic focus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-385
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Edizioni Luigi Pozzi S.r.l. All rights reserved.


  • Eudaimonia
  • Hedonism
  • Physical education
  • Self-determination theory
  • Well-being


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