Estimation of energy use and CO2 emission intensities by end use in South Korean apartment units based on in situ measurements

Hye Sun Jin, Soo Jin Lee, You Jeong Kim, Soo Yeon Ha, Sung Im Kim, Seung Yeong Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The South Korean government is presently conducting a research project to provide measurement-based building energy consumption data for individual end uses, such as space heating, space cooling, domestic hot water (DHW), and other uses. From 2014 to 2019, energy consumption measurement systems for each end use were installed in sample buildings, and the measured data are being statistically processed with the objective of constructing an information system for energy use and CO2 emission intensities by end use. This paper presents the statistical data for the site and primary energy use intensities (EUIs) and the CO2 emission intensities by end use for the period of May 2017–April 2018; the data were obtained from measurements in 71 sample apartment units located in Seoul. The average site EUIs display the following order: space heating > electrical appliances > DHW > cooking > lighting > space cooling > air movement. Electrical appliances have the largest average primary EUI and CO2 emission intensity. The average site EUIs exhibit the same order as those of the US Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2015 data: space heating > electrical appliances, etc. > DHW > space cooling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109603
JournalEnergy and Buildings
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (19AUDP-B0790104-06) from the Architecture & Urban Development Research Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Korean government.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • Apartment
  • CO emission intensity
  • End use
  • Energy use intensity
  • Measurement


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