The accuracy of the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm, which is widely employed in image registration, depends on the complexity of the shape of the object under registration. Objects with complex features yield higher reliability in estimating registration parameters. For objects with rotation symmetry, a cylinder for example, rotation along the center axis can not be distinguished. We derive the sensitivity of the rotation error of the ICP algorithm from the curvature of the error function near the minimum error position. We approximate the defined error function to a second-order polynomial and show that the coefficient of the second-order term is related to the reliability of the estimated rotation angle. Also the coefficient is related to the shape of the object. In the known correspondence case, the reliability can be expressed by the second moment of the input image. Finally, we apply the sensitivity formula to a simple synthetic object and ellipses, and verify that the predicted orientation variance of the ICP algorithm is in good agreement with computer simulations.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - 1999|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1999 Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications II - San Jose, CA, USA|
Duration: 25 Jan 1999 → 26 Jan 1999