Epitaxial Brownmillerite Oxide Thin Films for Reliable Switching Memory

Susant K. Acharya, Raveendra Venkata Nallagatla, Octolia Togibasa, Bo W. Lee, Chunli Liu, Chang U. Jung, Bae Ho Park, Ji Yong Park, Yunae Cho, Dong Wook Kim, Janghyun Jo, Deok Hwang Kwon, Miyoung Kim, Cheol Seong Hwang, Seung C. Chae

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64 Scopus citations


Resistive switching memory, which is mostly based on polycrystalline thin films, suffers from wide distributions in switching parameters - including set voltage, reset voltage, and resistance - in their low- and high-resistance states. One of the most commonly used methods to overcome this limitation is to introduce inhomogeneity. By contrast, in this paper, we obtained uniform resistive switching parameters and sufficiently low forming voltage by maximizing the uniformity of an epitaxial thin film. To achieve this result, we deposited an SrFeOx/SrRuO3 heteroepitaxial structure onto an SrTiO3 (001) substrate by pulsed laser deposition, and then we deposited an Au top electrode by electron-beam evaporation. This device exhibited excellent bipolar resistance switching characteristics, including a high on/off ratio, narrow distribution of key switching parameters, and long data retention time. We interpret these phenomena in terms of a local, reversible phase transformation in the SrFeOx film between brownmillerite and perovskite structures. Using the brownmillerite structure and atomically uniform thickness of the heteroepitaxial SrFeOx thin film, we overcame two major hurdles in the development of resistive random-access memory devices: high forming voltage and broad distributions of switching parameters. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7902-7911
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number12
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2013R1A2A2A01067415, 2014R1A2A1A11051245). J.-Y.P. was supported by the Priority Research Centers Program (2011-0030745), B.H.P. was supported by the NRF (2013R1A3A2042120), M.K was supported by NRF 2015055406, S.C.C. was supported by the NRF (2014R1A1A1003676), and C.S.H. was supported by the NRF (2012K1A1A2040157).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.


  • RRAM
  • SrFeOx thin film
  • atomically smooth surface
  • brownmillerite structure
  • uniform switching parameters


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