This study focused on the use of pressurized CO2 as a reaction medium for the enrichment of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from tuna oil fatty acids via lipase-mediated esterification. Of the three lipases tested, Lipozyme RM IM from Rhizomucor miehei was selected for further study. Enzyme loading, water addition, and reaction time were also explored. Near-supercritical CO 2, prepared at 25 C and 8.3 MPa, was the most effective reagent tested for enriching DHA from the residual fatty acid fraction. In addition to near-supercritical CO2, optimal conditions included addition of 0.2 wt% (based on total substrates) water, enzyme loading of 5 wt% (based on total substrates), and a reaction time of 18 h. The DHA concentration and recovery yield for the residual fatty acid fraction under these optimal conditions were 75.8 wt% and 81 wt%, respectively.
- Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
- Lipozyme RM IM (Rhizomucor miehei)
- Near-supercritical carbon dioxide
- Tuna oil fatty acids