Enhancing Indonesian college students’ views of social responsibility of scientists and engineers: The enact model intervention

Maria Erna, Masnaini Alimin, Hyunju Lee, Evi Suryawati, Sri Wilda Albeta, Gunadi Priyambada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study aimed to investigate the effects of the ENACT model on promoting Indonesian college students’ views of social responsibility of scientists and engineers. The ENACT model emphasized the students’ epistemological understanding of science and technology using socio-scientific issue (SSI) approaches to enhance the social responsibility, and their science/engineering practices and experiences of taking action to resolve the issues. A total of 80 college students enrolled in a chemistry course in a university in Indonesia participated in the study, 40 of which majored in chemistry education, and the other 40 majored in chemical engineering. An instructor taught and implemented the ENACT project over 10 weeks as a part of the course. Data was collected by a questionnaire called “views of social responsibility of scientists and engineers (VSRoSE)” to explore the changes in students’ views on social responsibility. The participating students responded to the questionnaire before and after the intervention. In results, the effects of the ENACT project were notable in the chemical engineering (ENG) group. The chemistry education (EDU) group scored much higher than the ENG group in all the eight factors of VSRoSE in the pre-test. However, the score patterns changed after the intervention. The EDU group still exhibited high scores, but not much changed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberem2240
JournalEurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Author contributions: All authors have sufficiently contributed to the study and agreed with the results and conclusions. Funding: This study was funded by LPPM in Universitas Riau 1336/UN19.5.1.3/PT.01.03/2022. Ethical statement: Authors stated that the study was approved by Universitas Riau (Approval code: B/188/UN19.5.1.3/PT.01.05/ 2022). Data collected from this paper has obtained the necessary clearance from the college students involved in the study. Declaration of interest: No conflict of interest is declared by authors. Data sharing statement: Data supporting the findings and conclusions are available upon request from the corresponding author.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors; licensee Modestum. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)


  • ENACT model
  • science education
  • social responsibility
  • SSI
  • VSRoSE


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing Indonesian college students’ views of social responsibility of scientists and engineers: The enact model intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this