Ethanol, added as a de-emulsifier to separate oil and biocatalyst (or bacterial cells) from a three-phase (oil/biocatalyst/aqueous phase) emulsion, formed in diesel biodesulfurization employing Gordonia nitida, improved oil recovery by centrifugation from about 50% in its absence to almost 100% at 3% (v/v). The biocatalyst recovered with ethanol addition showed similar specific growth rates (0.03 h-1) and dibenzothiophene desulfurization rates (6-7.2 mol 1-1 h-1) to those (0.03 h-1 and 7.1 mol 1-1, respectively) of the biocatalyst recovered with no ethanol addition. The desulfurization activity significantly increased as the number of the repeated recovery and reuse of the biocatalyst.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Clean Energy Program Grant, Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Resources, and R&D Management Center for Energy and Resources, Korea.
- Gordonia nitida
- Phase separation