Enhanced Redox Reactivity of a Nonheme Iron(V)-Oxo Complex Binding Proton

Shan Shan Xue, Xiao Xi Li, Yong Min Lee, Mi Sook Seo, Yujeong Kim, Sachiko Yanagisawa, Minoru Kubo, Young Kyo Jeon, Won Suk Kim, Ritimukta Sarangi, Sun Hee Kim, Shunichi Fukuzumi, Wonwoo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Acid effects on the chemical properties of metal-oxygen intermediates have attracted much attention recently, such as the enhanced reactivity of high-valent metal(IV)-oxo species by binding proton(s) or Lewis acidic metal ion(s) in redox reactions. Herein, we report for the first time the proton effects of an iron(V)-oxo complex bearing a negatively charged tetraamido macrocyclic ligand (TAML) in oxygen atom transfer (OAT) and electron-transfer (ET) reactions. First, we synthesized and characterized a mononuclear nonheme Fe(V)-oxo TAML complex (1) and its protonated iron(V)-oxo complexes binding two and three protons, which are denoted as 2 and 3, respectively. The protons were found to bind to the TAML ligand of the Fe(V)-oxo species based on spectroscopic characterization, such as resonance Raman, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements, along with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The two-protons binding constant of 1 to produce 2 and the third protonation constant of 2 to produce 3 were determined to be 8.0(7) × 108 M-2 and 10(1) M-1, respectively. The reactivities of the proton-bound iron(V)-oxo complexes were investigated in OAT and ET reactions, showing a dramatic increase in the rate of sulfoxidation of thioanisole derivatives, such as 107 times increase in reactivity when the oxidation of p-CN-thioanisole by 1 was performed in the presence of HOTf (i.e., 200 mM). The one-electron reduction potential of 2 (Ered vs SCE = 0.97 V) was significantly shifted to the positive direction, compared to that of 1 (Ered vs SCE = 0.33 V). Upon further addition of a proton to a solution of 2, a more positive shift of the Ered value was observed with a slope of 47 mV/log([HOTf]). The sulfoxidation of thioanisole derivatives by 2 was shown to proceed via ET from thioanisoles to 2 or direct OAT from 2 to thioanisoles, depending on the ET driving force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15305-15319
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number36
StatePublished - 9 Sep 2020

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