Enhanced catalytic four-electron dioxygen (O2) and two-electron hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) reduction with a copper(II) complex possessing a pendant ligand pivalamido group

Saya Kakuda, Ryan L. Peterson, Kei Ohkubo, Kenneth D. Karlin, Shunichi Fukuzumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

A copper complex, [(PV-tmpa)CuII](ClO4)2 (1) [PV-tmpa = bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl){[6-(pivalamido)pyrid-2-yl]methyl}amine], acts as a more efficient catalyst for the four-electron reduction of O 2 by decamethylferrocene (Fc*) in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid (CF3COOH) in acetone as compared with the corresponding copper complex without a pivalamido group, [(tmpa)Cu II](ClO4)2 (2) (tmpa = tris(2-pyridylmethyl) amine). The rate constant (kobs) of formation of decamethylferrocenium ion (Fc*+) in the catalytic four-electron reduction of O2 by Fc* in the presence of a large excess CF3COOH and O2 obeyed first-order kinetics. The k obs value was proportional to the concentration of catalyst 1 or 2, whereas the kobs value remained constant irrespective of the concentration of CF3COOH or O2. This indicates that electron transfer from Fc* to 1 or 2 is the rate-determining step in the catalytic cycle of the four-electron reduction of O2 by Fc* in the presence of CF3COOH. The second-order catalytic rate constant (kcat) for 1 is 4 times larger than the corresponding value determined for 2. With the pivalamido group in 1 compared to 2, the Cu II/CuI potentials are -0.23 and -0.05 V vs SCE, respectively. However, during catalytic turnover, the CF3COO - anion present readily binds to 2 shifting the resulting complex's redox potential to -0.35 V. The pivalamido group in 1 is found to inhibit anion binding. The overall effect is to make 1 easier to reduce (relative to 2) during catalysis, accounting for the relative kcat values observed. 1 is also an excellent catalyst for the two-electron two-proton reduction of H 2O2 to water and is also more efficient than is 2. For both complexes, reaction rates are greater than for the overall four-electron O2-reduction to water, an important asset in the design of catalysts for the latter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6513-6522
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume135
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2013

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