Enhanced cardioprotective effects by coexpression of two isoforms of hepatocyte growth factor from naked plasmid DNA in a rat ischemic heart disease model

Woong Hahn, Wook Bum Pyun, Dong Sik Kim, Won Sun Yoo, Sung Dong Lee, Jung Hee Won, Gil Ja Shin, Jong Mook Kim, Sunyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The therapeutic potential of pCK-HGF-X7, a naked DNA designed to express two isoforms of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF 723 and HGF 728), was studied in the rat ischemic heart disease model. Methods: First, the kinetics of gene expression was examined by injecting pCK-HGF-X7 DNA into the rat heart. Second, the cardioprotective effects were compared between the two naked DNA constructs, expressing a single (HGF 728) or both isoforms (HGF 728 and HGF 723) of HGF, in the rat ischemic heart disease model. The ischemic injury to the rat heart was created by ischemia-reperfusion in the anterior descending artery. The respective naked DNA constructs were injected into the anterior wall of the rat heart with the ischemia-reperfusion injury. Cardiac function, capillary density and anti-fibrotic activity were compared between the two naked DNA constructs. Results: The intramyocardial administration of pCK-HGF-X7 resulted in transient and localized HGF expression for 3weeks. At its peak, approximately 678pg (per mg of tissue protein) of HGF was produced in the injected heart without an increase of HGF protein level in other tissues, and serum. pCK-HGF-X7 more efficiently improved the left ventricular ejection fraction and the systolic anterior wall thickness, increased the capillary density, and inhibited myocardial fibrosis, in a statistically significant manner, compared to the identical vector encoding HGF 728 only. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that transfer of the genomic-cDNA hybrid expressing both isoforms of the HGF gene might provide higher therapeutic effects than the cDNA sequence producing HGF 728 alone in the treatment of ischemic heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gene Medicine
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Gene therapy
  • Hepatocyte growth factor
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Two isoforms

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