Phase change materials (PCMs) have been considered as an innovative technology that can reduce the peak loads and heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) energy consumption in buildings. Basically they are substances capable of storing or releasing thermal energy as latent heat. Because the amount of latent heat absorbed or released is much larger than the sensible heat, the application of PCMs in buildings has significant potential to reduce energy consumption. However, because each PCM has its own phase change temperature, which is the temperature at which latent heat is absorbed or released, it is important to use an appropriate PCM for the purpose of building envelope design. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the energy saving potentials in buildings when various PCMs with different phase change temperatures are applied to a lightweight building envelope by analyzing the thermal load characteristics. As results, the annual heating load increased at every phase change temperature, but the peak heating load decreased by 3.19% with heptadecane (phase change temperature 21°C), and the lowest indoor temperature increased by 0.86°C with heptadecane (phase change temperature 21°C). The annual cooling load decreased by 1.05% with dodecanol (phase change temperature 24°C), the peak cooling load decreased by 1.30% with octadecane (phase change temperature 29°C), and the highest indoor temperature dropped by 0.50°C with octadecane (phase change temperature 29°C). When the night ventilation was applied to the building HVAC system for better passive cooling performance, the annual cooling load decreased by 9.28% with dodecanol (phase change temperature 24°C), the peak load decreased by 11.33% with octadecane (phase change temperature 29°C), and the highest indoor temperature dropped by 0.85°C with octadecane (phase change temperature 29°C).
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Oct 2013|
- Cooling load
- Heating load
- Lightweight building envelope
- Phase change materials (PCMs)
- Phase change temperature