Endosomal mtorc2 is required for phosphoinositide-dependent akt activation in platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated glioma cells

Suree Kim, Sukyeong Heo, Joseph Brzostowski, Dongmin Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The serine/threonine kinase AKT is a major effector during phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-driven cell signal transduction in response to extracellular stimuli. AKT activation mechanisms have been extensively studied; however, the mechanism underlying target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) phosphorylation of AKT at Ser473 in the cellular endomembrane system remains to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that endocytosis is required for AKT activation through phospho-rylation at Ser473 via mTORC2 using platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated U87MG glioma cells. mTORC2 components are localized to early endosomes during growth factor activation, and the association of mTORC2 with early endosomes is responsible for the local activation of AKT, which is critical for specific signal transduction through glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta and forkhead box O1/O3 phosphorylation. Furthermore, endosomal phosphoinositide, represented by PtdIns(3,4)P2, provides a binding platform for mTORC2 to phosphorylate AKT Ser473 in endosomes through mammalian Sty1/Spc1-interacting protein (mSIN), a pleckstrin homology domain-containing protein, and is dispensable for AKT phosphorylation at Thr308. This PtdIns(3,4)P2-mediated endosomal AKT activation provides a means to integrate PI3K activated by diverse stimuli to mTORC2 assembly. These early endosomal events induced by endocytosis, together with the previously identified AKT activation by PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, contribute to the strengthening of the transduction of AKT signaling through phosphoinositide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2405
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 May 2021

Keywords

  • AKT
  • Endocytosis
  • Endosome
  • MTORC2
  • Phosphatidylinositol

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