Endoscopic papillectomy for benign ampullary neoplasms: How can treatment outcome be predicted?

Dong Won Ahn, Ji Kon Ryu, Jaihwan Kim, Won Jae Yoon, Sang Hyub Lee, Yong Tae Kim, Yong Bum Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: Endoscopic papillectomy is increasingly performed with curative intent for benign papillary tumors. This study was performed to identify factors that predict the presence of malignancy and affect endoscopic success. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients who received an endoscopic papillectomy for papillary adenoma from 2006 to 2009. Results: A total of 43 patients received endoscopic papillectomy. The pathologic results after papillectomy revealed adenocarcinoma in five patients (12%), and the risk of malignancy was high in cases of large lesions, preprocedural pathology of high-grade dysplasia or high serum alkaline phosphatase. Endoscopic success was observed in 37 patients (86%) at the end of follow-up (mean duration, 10.4±9.6 months). The factor significantly affecting success was a complete resection at the initial papillectomy (p=0.007). Two patients experienced recurrence 10 and 32 months after the complete resection, but both achieved endoscopic success with repeated endoscopic treatment. Six patients with endoscopic failure received surgical resection. Conclusions: Endoscopic papillectomy is a safe and effective method for the curative resection of benign papillary tumors, especially when complete resection is achieved at the initial papillectomy. Follow-up with surveillance should be performed for at least 3 years because of the possible recurrence of tumors during these periods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalGut and Liver
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Benign papillary tumor
  • Endoscopic sphincterotomy
  • Endoscopic success

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