Elucidation of flexible metal-organic frameworks: Research progresses and recent developments

Jae Hwa Lee, Sungeun Jeoung, Yongchul G. Chung, Hoi Ri Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations


Flexibility is a unique property of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that differentiates them from other rigid inorganic porous materials such as zeolites and porous silica. Flexible frameworks are not only scientifically interesting, but also applicable for real-world gas storage/delivery, separation, sensing, and catalysis. So far, a plethora of MOFs with flexible frameworks, termed as ‘soft porous crystal’, ‘flexible MOF’, ‘breathing MOF’, ‘sponge-like MOF’ or ‘dynamic MOF’, has emerged as a new subclass of MOFs. In this review, we discuss diverse perspectives and approaches to understand and control the flexible behaviour in an archetypal MOF platform so that the basic principles can be imparted to the broad community of chemists, materials scientists, and engineers. In addition, potential applications of flexible MOFs will be briefly introduced along with advanced analytic tools and molecular modelling that aid the exploration of the flexibility of MOFs in various conditions and widen the insight to design of novel flexible MOFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-188
Number of pages28
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICP (No. NRF-2016R1A5A1009405 and NRF-2017R1A2B4008757 ). Y.G.C acknowledges the support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2016R1D1A1B03934484 ). J.H.L. acknowledges the Global Ph.D. Fellowship ( NRF-2013H1A2A1033501 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Breathing
  • Flexibility
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Phase transition
  • Soft porous crystals


Dive into the research topics of 'Elucidation of flexible metal-organic frameworks: Research progresses and recent developments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this