Elevational Distribution of Amphibians: Resolving Distributions, Patterns, and Species Communities in the Republic of Korea

Desiree Andersen, Ming Feng Chuang, Minjee Choe, Ajoung Kim, Sera Kwon, Yikweon Jang, Amaël Borzée

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Species biodiversity organises along elevational trends and is generally expected to decrease with increasing elevation. This pattern is regulated by numerous factors, although principally overridden by temperature in ectotherms such as amphibians. Here, we collated elevation data (n = 55182) collected between 1909 and 2020. We then determined elevation distribution patterns and species communities for all amphibians in the Republic of Korea. Species were found to range from sea level up to 1393 m a.s.l. The average elevational distribution was significantly different between species but also between anura and caudata. On average, anura were found at lower elevations with a peak in species richness and abundance matching with the lowlands. In opposition, the peak in species richness and abundance for caudata matched with low hilly landscapes. The altitudinal distributions of species were strongly skewed with all 23 species within the 0-199 m range, and steadily decreasing with only five species within the last elevational range (1200-1399 m). Finally, only a few species were found below 30 m, reflecting a likely risk of salinisation in this environment. Our results help understand the altitudinal distribution of amphibians in the Republic of Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalZoological Studies
Volume61
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Altitude
  • Amphibian
  • Elevation range
  • Northeast Asia
  • Species communities

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