Electropolymerized-molecularly imprinted polymers (E-MIPS) as sensing elements for the detection of dengue infection

Clarisse E. Buensuceso, Brylee David B. Tiu, Luke P. Lee, Portia Mahal G. Sabido, Guillermo M. Nuesca, Eugene B. Caldona, Florian R. del Mundo, Rigoberto C. Advincula

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11 Scopus citations


A straightforward in situ detection method for dengue infection was demonstrated through the molecular imprinting of a dengue nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) epitope into an electropolymerized molecularly imprinted polyterthiophene (E-MIP) film sensor. The key enabling step in the sensor fabrication is based on an epitope imprinting strategy, in which short peptide sequences derived from the original target molecules were employed as the main template for detection and analysis. The formation of the E-MIP sensor films was facilitated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and monitored in situ by electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EC-QCM). Surface properties were analyzed using different techniques including atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and polarization modulation-infrared reflection-adsorption (PM-IRRAS). The standard calibration curve (R = 0.9830) was generated for the detection of the epitope, Ac-VHTWTEQYKFQ-NH2, with a linear range of 0.2 to 30 μg/mL and detection limit of 0.073 μg/mL. A separate calibration curve (R = 0.9786) was obtained using spiked buffered solutions of dengue NS1 protein, which resulted in a linear range of 0.2 to 10 μg/mL and a detection limit of 0.056 μg/mL. The fabricated E-MIP sensor exhibited long-term stability, high sensitivity, and good selectivity towards the targeted molecules. These results indicated that the formation of the exact and stable cavity imprints in terms of size, shape, and functionalities was successful. In our future work, we aim to use our E-MIP sensors for NS1 detection in real-life samples such as serum and blood. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1347-1357
Number of pages11
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 2022

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© 2021, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Dengue nonstructural protein 1 (NS1)
  • Electropolymerization
  • Epitope imprinting
  • Molecularly imprinted polymers
  • Quartz crystal microbalance


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