Electronic structure engineering on two-dimensional (2D) electrocatalytic materials for oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution, and hydrogen evolution reactions

Sundaram Chandrasekaran, Dingtao Ma, Yanqi Ge, Libo Deng, Chris Bowen, James Roscow, Yan Zhang, Zhiqun Lin, R. D.K. Misra, Jianqing Li, Peixin Zhang, Han Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) materials with the conservation of 2D configuration are excellent candidates for fundamental energy conversion and storage research and potential candidate for commercial applications. In this regard, this comprehensive review highlights the recent advances in the electronic structure tuning of 2D materials such as carbon/graphene, metal chalcogenides, metal oxides/hydroxides, MXenes, toward electrocatalytic energy conversions such as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). First, this review offers a systematic summary of the classification, controllable synthesis, and formation mechanism of 2D nanomaterials. Later, the strategies for tuning the electronic structure of 2D nanomaterials, and further their impact on electrocatalytic properties are summarized, namely doping, defect engineering, temperature effect, composite and heterostructure formation. The recent development of electrocatalysts with novel nanosheets structures and compositions were discussed deeply. The understandings of the correlation between the electronic nature, activity and the shape, size, composition, and synthesis methods were summarized. Finally, some personal perspectives on future challenges of this research field will also be presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105080
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51774203 , 61875138 , U1801254 , and 61961136001 ), Shenzhen Science and Technology Project Program (Nos. JCYJ20170818094047620 ), the Environmental Protection Industry Development Special Fund of Shenzhen , and the Science and Technology Development Fund (Grant No. 007/2017/A1 and 132/2017/A3 ), Macao SAR, China.

Funding Information:
Han Zhang received the Ph.D. degree from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore in 2011. He is a distinguished Professor at Shenzhen University, the director of Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Two-Dimensional Materials and Devices/Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory of Phosphorene. He is a winner of the National Thousand Talents Program for Distinguished Young Scholars, the National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars and the New Century Excellent Talent Award. His current research is focused on ultrafast and nonlinear photonics and biophotonics of 2D materials. He has published more than 260 papers (over 28 000 total citations) and a Google Scholar H-index ≥ 85.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • Electrocatalysts
  • Electronic structure
  • HER
  • OER
  • ORR
  • Two-dimensional materials


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