Electron-transfer properties of C60 and tert-butyl-C60 radical

Shunichi Fukuzumi, Ikuo Nakanishi, Tomoyoshi Suenobu, Karl M. Kadish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


The rate constants of electron transfer from C60·- and C602- to electron acceptors such as allyl halides and manganese(III) dodecaphenylporphyrin are correlated with those from semiquinone radical anions and their derivatives; linear correlations are obtained between the logarithms of the rate constants and the oxidation potentials of C60·-, C602-, and semiquinone radical anions for different electron acceptors. Such correlations indicate that reorganization energies for the electron- transfer reactions of C60·- and C602- are essentially the same as those of semiquinone radical anions. The self-exchange rate constants between p-benzoquinone and the semiquinone radical anion as well as between tetramethyl-p-benzoquinone and the semiquinone radical anion in benzonitrile are determined at various temperatures by analyzing line width variations of the ESR spectra. The fast-exchange rate constants and small activation enthalpies demonstrate the efficient electron-transfer properties of the p- benzoquinone/semiquinone radical anion, C60/C60·-, and C60·- /C602- systems. The self-exchange rate constant between t-BuC60· and t-BuC60- is also determined by analyzing line width variations of the ESR spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3468-3474
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number14
StatePublished - 14 Apr 1999


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