The authors have measured the electro-optic Kerr effect in the isotropic phase of a urea derivative. Electric-field-induced birefringence Δn was observed in the isotropic phase even 30 °C above the isotropic-columnar phase transition temperature. The induced birefringence is inversely proportional to temperature, as predicted by the Landau-de Gennes theory. Two distinct regions are identified from the proportionality constants in the isotropic phase; optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) is easily observable in the low-temperature region on applying an electric field, whereas SHG activity does not emerge in the higher-temperature region. The structure of molecular assemblies is discussed based on these experimental results.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 10 May 2007|