Electrical Tracking of the Mott Insulating Kitaev Magnet using Graphene/α-RuCl3 Heterostructure

Tuan Khanh Chau, Youngsu Choi, Kyusung Hwang, Gyounghoon Oh, Sophia Akhtar, Jeongyong Kim, Kwang Yong Choi, Hyun Yong Lee, Sung Ju Hong, Dongseok Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Electrical signatures for quantum magnetic phases of α-RuCl3 sensed by an adjacent graphene field-effect transistor (FET) are reported. The gate-voltage dependence of the graphene FET reveals p-type doping beneath α-RuCl3 caused by the charge transfer due to the work function difference. Furthermore, the gate-voltage hysteresis exhibits a marked change in the transport behavior with the temperature variation. The high-T simple paramagnetic phase and the low-T zigzag antiferromagnetic phase of α-RuCl3 exhibit negligible hysteresis. In sharp contrast, a huge hysteresis of the graphene FET at intermediate temperatures is observed. The possibility that the observed conductance hysteresis is associated with the intriguing continuum excitations of the thermally induced Kitaev paramagnet state is discussed. The results show that the proximity effect-based electric approach can be utilized for investigating charge-neutral quasiparticles in quantum magnetic insulators.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • Kitaev system
  • electrical detection
  • fractionalized excitations
  • graphene
  • heterostructure
  • α-RuCl


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