Eighteen-Year Follow-Up Study of 2 Alternative Bearing Surfaces Used in Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Same Young Patients

Young Hoo Kim, Jang Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study compares the long-term functional, radiographic, and computed tomography scan outcomes and implant survivorship of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (C-O-C THA) and ceramic-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (C-O-HXLPE THA) in the same patients. Methods: In this randomized, prospective trial conducted between January 1999 and April 2003, 133 patients (266 hips) younger than 55 years were enrolled. Each patient received C-O-C THA in 1 hip and a C-O-HXLPE THA in the other. The mean follow-up was 17.1 years (range, 15-18 years); there were 84 men and 49 women with a mean age of 53 ± 7 years (range, 25-55 years). Results: At the latest follow-up, mean Harris hip scores (94 vs 93 points; P = .861), pain scores (43 vs 42 points; P = .651), and patient satisfaction scores (7.8 vs 7.6 points; P = .379) were not different between the 2 groups. Eight hips (3%) in the C-O-C THA had an audible squeaking sound. The mean annual penetration rate of HXLPE was 0.0162 ± 0.032 mm per year. No osteolysis was recorded on radiographs or computed tomography scans in either group. At 17.1 years, the survival rate of the acetabular component was 97% in the C-O-C bearing group and 98% in the C-O-HXLPE bearing group (P = .923). The survival rate of the femoral component was 99% in both groups. Conclusion: Both C-O-C THA and C-O-HXLPE THA functioned well, with no osteolysis at mean of 17.1-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-830
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • ceramic-on-ceramic
  • ceramic-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene
  • survivorship
  • total hip arthroplasty
  • younger patients

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