Purpose: We investigated the effects of whole-body exposure to the 915 MHz radiofrequency identification (RFID) on mela-tonin biosynthesis and the activity of rat pineal arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT).Materials and methods: Rats were exposed to RFID (whole-body specific absorption rate, 4 W/kg) for 8 h/day, 5 days/week, for weeks during the nighttime. Total volume of urine excreted during a 24-h period was collected after RFID exposure. Uri-nary melatonin and 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate (6-OHMS) was measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. AANAT enzyme activity was measured using liquid biphasic dif-13 fusion assay. Protein levels and mRNA expression of AANAT was 14 measured by Western blot and reverse transcription polymerase 15 chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, respectively.Results: Eight hours of nocturnal RFID exposure caused a sig-nificant reduction in both urinary melatonin (p = 0. 003) and 6-OHMS (p = 0. 026). Activity, protein levels, and mRNA expres-sion of AANAT were suppressed by exposure to RFID (p < 0. 05).Conclusions: Our results suggest that nocturnal RFID exposure can cause reductions in the levels of both urinary melatonin and 6-OHMS, possibly due to decreased melatonin biosynthesis via suppression of Aanat gene transcription in the rat pineal gland.
- Pineal gland
- Radiofrequency identifi cation