Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production (STCH) is a promising technology that uses high-temperature heat directly to split water. The authors have previously proposed a Reactor Train System (RTS) that addresses the largest source of inefficiency in state-of-the-art STCH systems – solid heat recovery – by using multiple moving reactors that exchange heat radiatively between STCH steps. In this work, another major source of inefficiency – oxygen removal during metal reduction – is addressed. Two oxygen pumping schemes are considered – vacuum pumping (VP) and thermochemical oxygen pumping (TcOP). For vacuum pumping, the modularity of RTS enables a ‘Pressure Cascade’ which reduces pumping work by a factor of four and the capex by a factor of five as compared to a single-step VP scheme. The optimized RTS + VP system achieves 31% heat-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency with ceria despite the low efficiency of vacuum pumps at low pressures. Thermochemical Oxygen Pumping (TcOP) uses a second redox material - SrFeO3 - to pump oxygen. This material is transported in reactors moving in the opposite direction to the main RTS train. The optimized RTS + TcOP achieves more than 40% heat-to-hydrogen efficiency, while producing twice as much hydrogen per kilogram of ceria as the RTS + VP system.
|Title of host publication||Energy|
|Publisher||American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)|
|State||Published - 2022|
|Event||ASME 2022 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2022 - Columbus, United States|
Duration: 30 Oct 2022 → 3 Nov 2022
|Name||ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)|
|Conference||ASME 2022 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2022|
|Period||30/10/22 → 3/11/22|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by the Centers for Mechanical Engineering Research and Education at MIT and SUSTech.
Copyright © 2022 by ASME.
- Solar Fuel
- Thermochemical Cycle