Efficient recommendation methods using category experts for a large dataset

Won Seok Hwang, Ho Jong Lee, Sang Wook Kim, Youngjoon Won, Min Soo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Neighborhood-based methods have been proposed to satisfy both the performance and accuracy in recommendation systems. It is difficult, however, to satisfy them together because there is a tradeoff between them especially in a big data environment. In this paper, we present a novel method, called a CE method, using the notion of category experts in order to leverage the tradeoff between performance and accuracy. The CE method selects a few users as experts in each category and uses their ratings rather than ordinary neighbors'. In addition, we suggest CES and CEP methods, variants of the CE method, to achieve higher accuracy. The CES method considers the similarity between the active user and category expert in ratings prediction, and the CEP method utilizes the active user's preference (interest) on each category. Finally, we combine all the approaches to create a CESP method, considering similarity and preference simultaneously. Using real-world datasets from MovieLens and Ciao, we show that our proposal successfully leverages the tradeoff between the performance and accuracy and outperforms existing neighborhood-based recommendation methods in coverage. More specifically, the CESP method provides 5% improved accuracy compared to the item-based method while performing 9 times faster than the user-based method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalInformation Fusion
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Collaborative filtering
  • Expert
  • Performance evaluation
  • Recommender system


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