Efficient photoinduced electron transfer in a porphyrin tripod-Fullerene supramolecular complex via π-π interactions in nonpolar media

Atsuro Takai, Mohammed Chkounda, Antoine Eggenspiller, Claude P. Gros, Mohammed Lachkar, Jean Michel Barbe, Shunichi Fukuzumi

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A novel porphyrin tripod (TPZn3) was synthesized via "click chemistry". Three porphyrin moieties of TPZn3 are geometrically close and linked by a flexible linker. The electron-transfer oxidation of TPZn3 results in intramolecular π-dimer formation between porphyrin moieties as indicated by electrochemical, vis-NIR, and ESR measurements. The cyclic voltammogram of TPZn3 exhibited stepwise one-electron oxidation processes of three porphyrin moieties In the range from 0.58 to 0.73 V (vs SCE in CH2Cl2). When TPZn3 was oxidized by tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)-ruthenlum(lll) ([Ru(bpy)3]3+), the oxidized species (TPZn3)n+ (0 < n < 3) exhibited a charge resonance band In the NIR region due to the π-dimer formation between porphyrin moieties. A supramolecular electron donor-acceptor system was also constructed using TPZn3. The flexible conformation of TPZn 3 makes It possible to capture a fullerene derivative containing a pyridine moiety (PyC60) inside the cavity by π-π interactions as well as the coordination bond between Zn2+ and the pyridine moiety. The formation of a 1:1 supramolecular complex of TPZn3 with PyC60 (TPZn3-PyC60) was indicated In the UV-vis and 1H NMR spectra in nonpolar solvents. The association constant of TPZn3 with PyC60 (1.1 × 105M -1 in toluene) is much larger as compared with those of the corresponding monomer (MPZn) and dimer porphyrin (DPZn2). The dynamics of photoinduced electron transfer from the singlet excited state of TPZn3 to PyC60 was examined by laser flash photolysis measurements. The efficient intracomplex photoinduced electron transfer in TPZn3-PyC60 occurred in nonpolar solvents, resulting from the π-π interactions between the porphyrin and fullerene moieties, together with intramolecular π-bond formation between the porphyrin radical cation and the neutral porphyrin In TPZn3̇+.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4477-4489
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - 31 Mar 2010


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