Efficient bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic cells with transparent multi-layer graphene electrodes

Minhyeok Choe, Byoung Hoon Lee, Gunho Jo, June Park, Woojin Park, Sangchul Lee, Woong Ki Hong, Maeng Je Seong, Yung Ho Kahng, Kwanghee Lee, Takhee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


We present the results of applying multi-layer graphene (MLG) films as transparent conductive electrodes in organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs). The MLG films synthesized at different growth temperatures by chemical vapor deposition were applied to OPVs. The performance of OPVs with 1000 °C-grown MLG films was found to be the best with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of ∼1.3%. The PCE was further enhanced when a hole-blocking TiOX layer was inserted in the device structure, resulting in a PCE of ∼2.6% which is a significantly higher efficiency compared to other previously reported graphene-adopted photovoltaic cells. Our demonstration of the PCE-increase in the graphene-electrode OPVs may foster the application of the fast-progressing graphene technology toward more practical OPV technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1864-1869
Number of pages6
JournalOrganic Electronics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2010


  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Graphene
  • Photovoltaics
  • TiOX
  • Transparent electrode


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic cells with transparent multi-layer graphene electrodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this