Efficient asymmetric synthesis of 2,3-diamino-3-phenylpropanoic acid derivatives

Sang Hyeup Lee, Juyoung Yoon, Seung Hwan Chung, Yoon Sik Lee

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An efficient, stereoselective synthesis of selectively-protected anti and syn, methyl 2-amino-3-(Boc-amino)-3-phenylpropanoate is described. Preparation of syn β-acetylamino-α-hydroxy ester was from isopropyl cinnamate via an acetamide-based Sharpless aminohydroxylation (AA), and its anti isomer was obtained via C-α epimerization of the syn isomer. For the installation of a second amino group, two different approaches, involving substitution of the β-hydroxyl group with azide, were investigated. The first was a ring-opening reaction of trans-oxazoline-5-carboxylate with trimethylsilyl azide, which produced anti β-(acetylamino)-α-azido esters, which then transformed into the anti isomer; whereas the cis-oxazoline-5-carboxylate was found to be unreactive under this reaction condition. The second approach used the Mitsunobu reaction of syn and anti β-(Boc-amino)-α-hydroxy esters with hydrazoic acid, followed by catalytic hydrogenation, which gave both anti and syn isomers, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2145
Number of pages7
Issue number11
StatePublished - 10 Mar 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to thank Dr Jae Uk Jeong, Professor Hyunsoo Han, and Professor Kim D. Janda for their valuable information and helpful discussions. Financial support from the Korean Research Foundation (2000-042-D00044), and from the Brain Korea 21 Program, is gratefully acknowledged.


  • 2,3-diamino-3-phenylpropanoic acid derivatives
  • Catalytic hydrogenation
  • Isopropyl cinnamate


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