Efficacy and safety of edoxaban in patients early after surgical bioprosthetic valve implantation or valve repair: A randomized clinical trial

Explore the Efficacy and Safety of Edoxaban in Patients after Heart Valve Repair or Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement (ENAVLE) study group

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Early warfarin anticoagulation is recommended in patients undergoing surgical bioprosthetic valve implantation or valve repair. It is unclear whether non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants can be a full alternative to warfarin. This study aimed to compare efficacy and safety of edoxaban with warfarin in patients early after surgical bioprosthetic valve implantation or valve repair. Methods: The Explore the Efficacy and Safety of Edoxaban in Patients after Heart Valve Repair or Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement study was a prospective, randomized (1:1), open-label, clinical trial conducted from December 2017 to September 2019. Patients were randomly assigned to receive edoxaban (60 mg or 30 mg once daily) or warfarin for the first 3 months after surgical bioprosthetic valve implantation or valve repair. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of death, clinical thromboembolic events, or asymptomatic intracardiac thrombosis. The primary safety outcome was the occurrence of major bleeding. Results: Of 220 participants, 218 (109 per group) were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. The primary efficacy outcome occurred in 4 patients (3.7%) taking warfarin and none taking edoxaban (risk difference, −0.0367; 95% confidence interval, –0.0720 to –0.0014; P < .001 for noninferiority). The primary safety outcome occurred in 1 patient (0.9%) taking warfarin and 3 patients (2.8%) taking edoxaban (risk difference, 0.0183; 95% confidence interval, –0.0172 to 0.0539; P = .013 for noninferiority). Conclusions: Edoxaban is noninferior to warfarin for preventing thromboembolism and is potentially comparable for risk of major bleeding during the first 3 months after surgical bioprosthetic valve implantation or valve repair.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • NOACs
  • efficacy
  • non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants
  • oral anticoagulants
  • safety
  • valve surgery
  • warfarin

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