Effects of the main ingredients of the fermented food, kimchi, on bacterial composition and metabolite profile

Hye Seon Song, Se Hee Lee, Seung Woo Ahn, Joon Yong Kim, Jin Kyu Rhee, Seong Woon Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Kimchi is a fermented food prepared via spontaneous fermentation by lactic acid bacteria originating from raw ingredients. To investigate the effect of these ingredients on food fermentation, four types of food that differed only in their main raw ingredients (kimchi cabbage, green onion, leaf mustard, and young radish) were evaluated. The major microorganisms were Leuconostoc gelidum, Weissella kandleri, and Lactobacillus sakei groups. The distribution of these species depended on the sample type. All three species were primarily distributed in the food prepared from kimchi cabbage and young radish; however, the Lac. sakei group was hardly found in the food prepared using green onion and leaf mustard. Metabolite analysis results showed that the free sugar, organic acid, ethanol, and amino acid profiles differed with the sample type. This study indicates that the main ingredients could be an important factor in determining the composition of the microbial community and the metabolite composition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110668
JournalFood Research International
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the World Institute of Kimchi funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( KE2101-2 ), Basic Science Research Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) ( 2018R1D1A1A09082921 and 2018R1D1A1B07045349 ), and Ewha Womans University Research Grant of 2021, and High Value-added Food Technology Development Program, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Fermented food
  • Ingredient
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Metabonomics
  • Metataxonomics


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of the main ingredients of the fermented food, kimchi, on bacterial composition and metabolite profile'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this